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Research Article

Human Migration through Bottlenecks from Southeast Asia into East Asia during Last Glacial Maximum Revealed by Y Chromosomes

  • Xiaoyun Cai equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoyun Cai, Zhendong Qin

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Zhendong Qin equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoyun Cai, Zhendong Qin

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Bo Wen,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Shuhua Xu,

    Affiliation: Chinese Academy of Sciences and Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Yi Wang,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

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  • Yan Lu,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Lanhai Wei,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Chuanchao Wang,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Shilin Li,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • Xingqiu Huang,

    Affiliation: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning, Guangxi, China

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  • Li Jin,

    Affiliations: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China, Institute of Health Sciences, China Medical City, Taizhou, Jiangsu, China

    X
  • Hui Li mail,

    lihui.fudan@gmail.com

    Affiliation: Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

    X
  • the Genographic Consortium

    Membership of the Genographic Consortium is provided in the Acknowledgments.

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  • Published: August 31, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024282

About the Authors

Xiaoyun Cai, Zhendong Qin, Bo Wen, Yi Wang, Yan Lu, Lanhai Wei, Chuanchao Wang, Shilin Li, Li Jin, Hui Li
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Contemporary Anthropology, School of Life Sciences and Institutes of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Shuhua Xu, Li Jin
Chinese Academy of Sciences and Max Planck Society Partner Institute for Computational Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
Xingqiu Huang
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Nanning, Guangxi, China
Li Jin
Institute of Health Sciences, China Medical City, Taizhou, Jiangsu, China

Corresponding Author

Email: lihui.fudan@gmail.com

Competing Interests

International Business Machines assisted with the funding for this study. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HL LJ. Performed the experiments: XC HL ZQ BW XH YL SL. Analyzed the data: XC ZQ HL SX YW CW LW. Wrote the paper: XC HL. Revised the manuscript critically for important intellectual content: The Genographic Consortium.