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Research Article

A Poorly Known High-Latitude Parasitoid Wasp Community: Unexpected Diversity and Dramatic Changes through Time

  • Jose Fernandez-Triana equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Jose Fernandez-Triana, M. Alex Smith

    Affiliations: Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity, Institute of Ontario, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, Canadian National Collections of Insects, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • M. Alex Smith equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Jose Fernandez-Triana, M. Alex Smith

    salex@uoguelph.ca

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity, Institute of Ontario, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Caroline Boudreault,

    Affiliation: Canadian National Collections of Insects, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • Henri Goulet,

    Affiliation: Canadian National Collections of Insects, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • Paul D. N. Hebert,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity, Institute of Ontario, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

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  • Adam C. Smith,

    Affiliation: Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

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  • Rob Roughley †

    † Deceased.

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

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  • Published: August 29, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023719

About the Authors

Jose Fernandez-Triana, M. Alex Smith, Paul D. N. Hebert
Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity, Institute of Ontario, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
Jose Fernandez-Triana, Caroline Boudreault, Henri Goulet
Canadian National Collections of Insects, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Adam C. Smith
Environment Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service, National Wildlife Research Centre, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Rob Roughley
Department of Entomology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: salex@uoguelph.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MAS JF-T RR. Performed the experiments: MAS JF-T RR CB HG PDNH. Analyzed the data: MAS JF-T ACS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MAS JF-T HG PDNH. Wrote the paper: MAS JF-T.