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Research Article

Co-Variation of Tonality in the Music and Speech of Different Cultures

  • Shui' er Han,

    Affiliation: Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, A*STAR Neuroscience Research Partnership, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore,

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  • Janani Sundararajan,

    Affiliation: Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, A*STAR Neuroscience Research Partnership, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore,

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  • Daniel Liu Bowling,

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, A*STAR Neuroscience Research Partnership, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore,, Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Levine Science Research Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,

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  • Jessica Lake,

    Affiliations: Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Levine Science Research Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Dale Purves mail

    purves@neuro.duke.edu

    Affiliations: Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, A*STAR Neuroscience Research Partnership, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore,, Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Levine Science Research Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Published: May 27, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020160

About the Authors

Shui' er Han, Janani Sundararajan, Daniel Liu Bowling, Dale Purves
Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, A*STAR Neuroscience Research Partnership, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore,
Daniel Liu Bowling, Dale Purves
Department of Neurobiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,
Daniel Liu Bowling, Jessica Lake, Dale Purves
Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Levine Science Research Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America,
Jessica Lake, Dale Purves
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: purves@neuro.duke.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DP SH JL DB. Performed the experiments: SH JS JL. Analyzed the data: SH JS JL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SH JS DB JL. Wrote the paper: DP SH JS DB JL. Designed and conducted analysis of scales: DB.