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Research Article

Pyrosequencing of Antibiotic-Contaminated River Sediments Reveals High Levels of Resistance and Gene Transfer Elements

  • Erik Kristiansson,

    Affiliations: Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden, Department of Mathematical Statistics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden

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  • Jerker Fick,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Anders Janzon,

    Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

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  • Roman Grabic,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Carolin Rutgersson,

    Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

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  • Birgitta Weijdegård,

    Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

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  • Hanna Söderström,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • D. G. Joakim Larsson mail

    joakim.larsson@fysiologi.gu.se

    Affiliation: Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden

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  • Published: February 16, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0017038

About the Authors

Erik Kristiansson, Anders Janzon, Carolin Rutgersson, Birgitta Weijdegård, D. G. Joakim Larsson
Department of Neuroscience and Physiology, the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden
Erik Kristiansson
Department of Mathematical Statistics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Jerker Fick, Roman Grabic, Hanna Söderström
Department of Chemistry, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: joakim.larsson@fysiologi.gu.se

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DGJL EK JF. Performed the experiments: EK DGJL F AJ CR RG BW HS. Analyzed the data: EK DGJL JF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DGJL JF HS. Wrote the paper: EK DGJL.