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Research Article

Human Mobility Networks, Travel Restrictions, and the Global Spread of 2009 H1N1 Pandemic

  • Paolo Bajardi equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Paolo Bajardi, Chiara Poletto

    Affiliations: Computational Epidemiology Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy, Centre de Physique Théorique (CNRS UMR 6207), Marseille, France

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  • Chiara Poletto equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Paolo Bajardi, Chiara Poletto

    Affiliation: Computational Epidemiology Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy

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  • Jose J. Ramasco,

    Affiliation: Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos IFISC (CSIC-UIB), Palma de Mallorca, Spain

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  • Michele Tizzoni,

    Affiliations: Computational Epidemiology Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy, Scuola di Dottorato, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

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  • Vittoria Colizza mail,

    vittoria.colizza@inserm.fr (VC); alexv@indiana.edu (AV)

    Affiliations: INSERM, U707, Paris, France, UPMC Université Paris 06, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR S 707, Paris, France, Complex Systems Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy

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  • Alessandro Vespignani mail

    vittoria.colizza@inserm.fr (VC); alexv@indiana.edu (AV)

    Affiliations: Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research (CNetS), School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America, Pervasive Technology Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy

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  • Published: January 31, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016591

About the Authors

Paolo Bajardi, Chiara Poletto, Michele Tizzoni
Computational Epidemiology Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy
Paolo Bajardi
Centre de Physique Théorique (CNRS UMR 6207), Marseille, France
Jose J. Ramasco
Instituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos IFISC (CSIC-UIB), Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Michele Tizzoni
Scuola di Dottorato, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Vittoria Colizza
INSERM, U707, Paris, France
Vittoria Colizza
UPMC Université Paris 06, Faculté de Médecine Pierre et Marie Curie, UMR S 707, Paris, France
Vittoria Colizza
Complex Systems Lagrange Laboratory, Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy
Alessandro Vespignani
Center for Complex Networks and Systems Research (CNetS), School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America
Alessandro Vespignani
Pervasive Technology Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, United States of America
Alessandro Vespignani
Institute for Scientific Interchange (ISI), Torino, Italy

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PB CP JJR MT VC AV. Performed the experiments: PB CP JJR MT VC AV. Analyzed the data: PB CP JJR MT VC AV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PB CP JJR MT VC AV. Wrote the paper: PB CP JJR MT VC AV.