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Research Article

National Outbreak of Salmonella Serotype Saintpaul Infections: Importance of Texas Restaurant Investigations in Implicating Jalapeño Peppers

  • Rajal K. Mody mail,

    rmody@cdc.gov

    Affiliations: Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Sharon A. Greene,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Linda Gaul,

    Affiliation: Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Adrianne Sever,

    Affiliation: Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Sarah Pichette,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Ingrid Zambrana,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Thi Dang,

    Affiliation: Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Angie Gass,

    Affiliation: Wichita Falls-Wichita County Public Health District, Wichita Falls, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • René Wood,

    Affiliation: Wichita Falls-Wichita County Public Health District, Wichita Falls, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Karen Herman,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Laura B. Cantwell,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Gerhard Falkenhorst,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Kathleen Wannemuehler,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Robert M. Hoekstra,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Isaac McCullum,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Amy Cone,

    Affiliation: Wichita Falls-Wichita County Public Health District, Wichita Falls, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Lou Franklin,

    Affiliation: Wichita Falls-Wichita County Public Health District, Wichita Falls, Texas, United States of America

    X
  • Jana Austin,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Kristin Delea,

    Affiliation: National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Casey Barton Behravesh,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Samir V. Sodha,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • J. Christopher Yee,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Brian Emanuel,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Sufian F. Al-Khaldi,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Val Jefferson,

    Affiliation: United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Ian T. Williams,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Patricia M. Griffin,

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

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  • David L. Swerdlow

    Affiliation: Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: February 23, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016579

About the Authors

Rajal K. Mody, Adrianne Sever
Scientific Education and Professional Development Program Office, Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Rajal K. Mody, Sharon A. Greene, Karen Herman, Laura B. Cantwell, Gerhard Falkenhorst, Kathleen Wannemuehler, Robert M. Hoekstra, Isaac McCullum, Jana Austin, Casey Barton Behravesh, Samir V. Sodha, Ian T. Williams, Patricia M. Griffin, David L. Swerdlow
Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Linda Gaul, Thi Dang
Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas, United States of America
Sarah Pichette, Ingrid Zambrana, J. Christopher Yee, Brian Emanuel, Sufian F. Al-Khaldi, Val Jefferson
United States Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
Angie Gass, René Wood, Amy Cone, Lou Franklin
Wichita Falls-Wichita County Public Health District, Wichita Falls, Texas, United States of America
Kristin Delea
National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rmody@cdc.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RKM SAG LG AS SP IZ CBB SFA-K VJ ITW PMG DLS. Performed the experiments: RKM SAG AS SP IZ TD AG RW KH LBC GF AC LF JA KD CBB SVS JCY BE SFA-K VJ DLS. Analyzed the data: RKM SAG AS SP IZ KW RMH IM SFA-K VJ DLS. Wrote the paper: RKM PMG DLS. Revised manuscript for important intellectual content: SAG LG AS SP IZ TD AG RW KH LBC GH KW RMH IM AC LF JA KD CBB SVS JCY BE SFA VJ ITW PMG DLS.