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Research Article

First Investigation of the Microbiology of the Deepest Layer of Ocean Crust

  • Olivia U. Mason,

    Affiliation: College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

    Current address: Earth Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California, United States of America

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  • Tatsunori Nakagawa,

    Affiliation: Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan

    Current address: College of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Kanagawa, Japan

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  • Martin Rosner,

    Affiliation: Petrology of the Oceanic Crust, Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany

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  • Joy D. Van Nostrand,

    Affiliation: Department of Botany and Microbiology, Institute for Environmental Genomics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

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  • Jizhong Zhou,

    Affiliation: Department of Botany and Microbiology, Institute for Environmental Genomics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

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  • Akihiko Maruyama,

    Affiliation: Research Institute of Biological Resources, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki, Japan

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  • Martin R. Fisk,

    Affiliation: College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

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  • Stephen J. Giovannoni mail

    steve.giovannoni@oregonstate.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

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  • Published: November 05, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015399

About the Authors

Olivia U. Mason, Martin R. Fisk
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America
Tatsunori Nakagawa
Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan
Martin Rosner
Petrology of the Oceanic Crust, Universität Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Joy D. Van Nostrand, Jizhong Zhou
Department of Botany and Microbiology, Institute for Environmental Genomics, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America
Akihiko Maruyama
Research Institute of Biological Resources, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki, Japan
Stephen J. Giovannoni
Department of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: steve.giovannoni@oregonstate.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: OUM MRF SJG. Performed the experiments: OUM TN MR JDVN AM. Analyzed the data: OUM TN MR JDVN AM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TN MR JZ MRF SJG. Wrote the paper: OUM.