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Research Article

Innate Immune Responses of Drosophila melanogaster Are Altered by Spaceflight

  • Oana Marcu,

    Affiliations: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America, Carl Sagan Center, SETI Institute, Mountain View, California, United States of America

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  • Matthew P. Lera,

    Affiliations: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America, Lockheed Martin Exploration & Science, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

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  • Max E. Sanchez,

    Affiliation: Lockheed Martin Exploration & Science, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Biological Research, Microfluidic Systems, Fremont, California, United States of America

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  • Edina Levic,

    Affiliation: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

    Current address: Department of Biological Research, Microfluidic Systems, Fremont, California, United States of America

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  • Laura A. Higgins,

    Affiliation: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

    Current address: JMP Business Unit, SAS Institute, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Alena Shmygelska,

    Affiliations: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America, Silicon Valley Campus of Carnegie Mellon University, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

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  • Thomas F. Fahlen,

    Affiliation: Lockheed Martin Exploration & Science, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

    Current address: Advanced Technology, The Clorox Company, Pleasanton, California, United States of America

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  • Helen Nichol,

    Affiliation: Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

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  • Sharmila Bhattacharya mail

    sharmila.bhattacharya@nasa.gov

    Affiliation: Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America

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  • Published: January 11, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015361

About the Authors

Oana Marcu, Matthew P. Lera, Edina Levic, Laura A. Higgins, Alena Shmygelska, Sharmila Bhattacharya
Space Biosciences Division, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America
Oana Marcu
Carl Sagan Center, SETI Institute, Mountain View, California, United States of America
Matthew P. Lera, Max E. Sanchez, Thomas F. Fahlen
Lockheed Martin Exploration & Science, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America
Alena Shmygelska
Silicon Valley Campus of Carnegie Mellon University, NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, California, United States of America
Helen Nichol
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: sharmila.bhattacharya@nasa.gov

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SB MES TFF OM. Performed the experiments: OM MPL MES EL LAH SB. Analyzed the data: OM MPL MES LAH AS HN SB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SB OM LAH AS. Wrote the paper: OM MPL AS HN SB. Obtained permission for use of transgenic line: MES SB.