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Research Article

Sub-Lethal Effects of Pesticide Residues in Brood Comb on Worker Honey Bee (Apis mellifera) Development and Longevity

  • Judy Y. Wu,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Carol M. Anelli,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Walter S. Sheppard mail

    shepp@wsu.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: February 23, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014720

About the Authors

Judy Y. Wu, Carol M. Anelli, Walter S. Sheppard
Department of Entomology, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: shepp@wsu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JYW CMA WSS. Performed the experiments: JYW. Analyzed the data: JYW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WSS. Wrote the paper: JYW CMA WSS.