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Research Article

Ultrafast Mid-IR Laser Scalpel: Protein Signals of the Fundamental Limits to Minimally Invasive Surgery

  • Saeid Amini-Nik,

    Affiliation: Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Darren Kraemer,

    Affiliation: Departments of Chemistry and Physics and the Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Michael L. Cowan,

    Affiliation: Departments of Chemistry and Physics and the Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Keith Gunaratne,

    Affiliation: Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Puviindran Nadesan,

    Affiliation: Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Benjamin A. Alman,

    Affiliation: Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • R. J. Dwayne Miller mail

    dmiller@lphys.chem.utoronto.ca

    Affiliation: Departments of Chemistry and Physics and the Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: September 28, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013053

About the Authors

Saeid Amini-Nik, Keith Gunaratne, Puviindran Nadesan, Benjamin A. Alman
Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Darren Kraemer, Michael L. Cowan, R. J. Dwayne Miller
Departments of Chemistry and Physics and the Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: dmiller@lphys.chem.utoronto.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SAN DK MLC BAA RJDM. Performed the experiments: SAN DK MLC. Analyzed the data: SAN KG BAA RJDM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PN BAA. Wrote the paper: SAN DK BAA RJDM.