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Research Article

Emerging Infectious Disease Leads to Rapid Population Declines of Common British Birds

  • Robert A. Robinson equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Robert A. Robinson, Becki Lawson

    Affiliation: British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, Norfolk, United Kingdom

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  • Becki Lawson equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Robert A. Robinson, Becki Lawson

    becki.lawson@ioz.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Mike P. Toms,

    Affiliation: British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, Norfolk, United Kingdom

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  • Kirsi M. Peck,

    Affiliation: The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom

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  • James K. Kirkwood,

    Affiliation: Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, Wheathampstead, United Kingdom

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  • Julian Chantrey,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, South Wirral, United Kingdom

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  • Innes R. Clatworthy,

    Affiliation: Electron Microscopy Unit, UCL Medical School, London, United Kingdom

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  • Andy D. Evans,

    Affiliation: The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom

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  • Laura A. Hughes,

    Affiliation: Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, South Wirral, United Kingdom

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  • Oliver C. Hutchinson,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Shinto K. John,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Tom W. Pennycott,

    Affiliation: Disease Surveillance Centre, Scottish Agricultural College, Ayr, United Kingdom

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  • Matthew W. Perkins,

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Peter S. Rowley,

    Affiliation: Electron Microscopy Unit, UCL Medical School, London, United Kingdom

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  • Vic R. Simpson,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Veterinary Investigation Centre, Truro, United Kingdom

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  • Kevin M. Tyler,

    Affiliation: Biomedical Research Centre, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

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  • Andrew A. Cunningham

    Affiliation: Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 18, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012215

About the Authors

Robert A. Robinson, Mike P. Toms
British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, Norfolk, United Kingdom
Becki Lawson, Oliver C. Hutchinson, Shinto K. John, Matthew W. Perkins, Andrew A. Cunningham
Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
Kirsi M. Peck, Andy D. Evans
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom
James K. Kirkwood
Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, Wheathampstead, United Kingdom
Julian Chantrey, Laura A. Hughes
Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Liverpool, South Wirral, United Kingdom
Innes R. Clatworthy, Peter S. Rowley
Electron Microscopy Unit, UCL Medical School, London, United Kingdom
Tom W. Pennycott
Disease Surveillance Centre, Scottish Agricultural College, Ayr, United Kingdom
Vic R. Simpson
Wildlife Veterinary Investigation Centre, Truro, United Kingdom
Kevin M. Tyler
Biomedical Research Centre, School of Medicine, Health Policy and Practice, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: becki.lawson@ioz.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RR BL JKK AAC. Performed the experiments: BL MPT KMP JC IC ADE LAH SKJ TWP MWP PRR VRS. Analyzed the data: RR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OCH KT. Wrote the paper: RR BL AAC. Data collection: BL MPT KMP JC IC LAH SKJ TWP MWP PRR VRS. Modelling of data: RR. Research design and coordination: JKK AAC. Supervision of RSPB data collection: ADE. Development of new molecular analytic tools: OCH. Technical assistance: MWP. Supervision of molecular analyses: KT.