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Research Article

Impact of Ocean Warming and Ocean Acidification on Larval Development and Calcification in the Sea Urchin Tripneustes gratilla

  • Hannah Sheppard Brennand,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia

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  • Natalie Soars,

    Affiliation: School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia

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  • Symon A. Dworjanyn,

    Affiliation: National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Whales, Australia

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  • Andrew R. Davis,

    Affiliation: Institute for Conservation Biology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Whales, Australia

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  • Maria Byrne mail

    mbyrne@anatomy.usyd.edu.au

    Affiliations: School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia, Schools of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia

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  • Published: June 29, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011372

About the Authors

Hannah Sheppard Brennand, Natalie Soars, Maria Byrne
School of Medical Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia
Symon A. Dworjanyn
National Marine Science Centre, Southern Cross University, Coffs Harbour, New South Whales, Australia
Andrew R. Davis
Institute for Conservation Biology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Whales, Australia
Maria Byrne
Schools of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Whales, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: mbyrne@anatomy.usyd.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SD MB. Performed the experiments: HSB NS SD. Analyzed the data: HSB NS AD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SD. Wrote the paper: HSB NS AD MB.