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Research Article

Risk Factors for SARS Transmission from Patients Requiring Intubation: A Multicentre Investigation in Toronto, Canada

  • Janet Raboud,

    Affiliations: Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Altynay Shigayeva,

    Affiliation: Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Allison McGeer mail,

    amcgeer@mtsinai.on.ca

    Affiliations: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Erika Bontovics,

    Affiliation: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Martin Chapman,

    Affiliations: Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Denise Gravel,

    Affiliation: Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Bonnie Henry,

    Affiliation: British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

    X
  • Stephen Lapinsky,

    Affiliations: Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Mark Loeb,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • L. Clifford McDonald,

    Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

    X
  • Marianna Ofner,

    Affiliations: Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Shirley Paton,

    Affiliation: Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Donna Reynolds,

    Affiliation: Durham Region Health Department, Whitby, Ontario, Canada

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  • Damon Scales,

    Affiliations: Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Sandy Shen,

    Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Andrew Simor,

    Affiliations: Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Thomas Stewart,

    Affiliations: Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Mary Vearncombe,

    Affiliations: Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Dick Zoutman,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

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  • Karen Green

    Affiliation: Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

    X
  • Published: May 19, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010717

About the Authors

Janet Raboud, Sandy Shen
Division of Infectious Diseases, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Janet Raboud, Allison McGeer, Marianna Ofner
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Altynay Shigayeva, Allison McGeer, Stephen Lapinsky, Thomas Stewart, Karen Green
Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Allison McGeer, Andrew Simor, Mary Vearncombe
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Erika Bontovics
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Martin Chapman
Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Martin Chapman, Damon Scales, Andrew Simor, Mary Vearncombe
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Denise Gravel, Marianna Ofner, Shirley Paton
Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Bonnie Henry
British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Stephen Lapinsky, Damon Scales, Thomas Stewart
Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Mark Loeb
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
L. Clifford McDonald
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
Donna Reynolds
Durham Region Health Department, Whitby, Ontario, Canada
Dick Zoutman
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: amcgeer@mtsinai.on.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AM EB MC DG BH SEL MBL LCM MO SP DR DS SS AS TES MV DZ KAG. Performed the experiments: AS AM BH DR DS MV KAG. Analyzed the data: JR AS AM BH LCM SS KAG. Wrote the paper: JR AS AM EB BH SEL MO SP DR DS AS TES MV. Obtained funding: DZ.