Advertisement
Research Article

Distribution of an Invasive Aquatic Pathogen (Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia Virus) in the Great Lakes and Its Relationship to Shipping

  • Mark B. Bain mail,

    Mark.Bain@Cornell.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Emily R. Cornwell,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Kristine M. Hope,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Geofrey E. Eckerlin,

    Affiliation: Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Rufina N. Casey,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Geoffrey H. Groocock,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Rodman G. Getchell,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Paul R. Bowser,

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • James R. Winton,

    Affiliation: Western Fisheries Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • William N. Batts,

    Affiliation: Western Fisheries Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Allegra Cangelosi,

    Affiliation: Northeast-Midwest Institute, Washington, D. C., United States of America

    X
  • James W. Casey

    Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Published: April 13, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010156

About the Authors

Mark B. Bain, Geofrey E. Eckerlin
Department of Natural Resources, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
Emily R. Cornwell, Kristine M. Hope, Rufina N. Casey, Geoffrey H. Groocock, Rodman G. Getchell, Paul R. Bowser, James W. Casey
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America
James R. Winton, William N. Batts
Western Fisheries Research Center, U.S. Geological Survey, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Allegra Cangelosi
Northeast-Midwest Institute, Washington, D. C., United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Mark.Bain@Cornell.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MBB PRB JRW JC. Performed the experiments: ERC KMH GEE RNC GHG RGG WNB JC. Analyzed the data: MBB ERC KMH GEE WNB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ERC KMH GEE RNC RGG WNB. Wrote the paper: MBB GHG PRB JRW AC JC. Provided funding and general research direction: AC.