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Research Article

Differential Brain Activation to Angry Faces by Elite Warfighters: Neural Processing Evidence for Enhanced Threat Detection

  • Martin P. Paulus mail,

    mpaulus@ucsd.edu

    Affiliations: University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America, OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Alan N. Simmons,

    Affiliation: University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Summer N. Fitzpatrick,

    Affiliation: University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Eric G. Potterat,

    Affiliations: Naval Special Warfare Center, San Diego, California, United States of America, OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Karl F. Van Orden,

    Affiliations: Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, United States of America, OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • James Bauman,

    Affiliations: United States Olympic Training Center, Chula Vista, California, United States of America, OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America

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  • Judith L. Swain

    Affiliations: University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America, OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences-A*STAR and National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

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  • Published: April 14, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010096

About the Authors

Martin P. Paulus, Alan N. Simmons, Summer N. Fitzpatrick, Judith L. Swain
University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America
Karl F. Van Orden
Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, United States of America
James Bauman
United States Olympic Training Center, Chula Vista, California, United States of America
Eric G. Potterat
Naval Special Warfare Center, San Diego, California, United States of America
Martin P. Paulus, Eric G. Potterat, Karl F. Van Orden, James Bauman, Judith L. Swain
OptiBrain Consortium, San Diego, California, United States of America
Judith L. Swain
Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences-A*STAR and National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

Corresponding Author

Email: mpaulus@ucsd.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MPP ANS EGP KFVO JB JLS. Performed the experiments: MPP ANS SNF. Analyzed the data: MPP ANS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MPP ANS SNF EGP. Wrote the paper: MPP ANS EGP KFVO JB JLS.