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Research Article

Sedation at Sea of Entangled North Atlantic Right Whales (Eubalaena glacialis) to Enhance Disentanglement

  • Michael Moore mail,

    mmoore@whoi.edu

    Affiliation: Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Michael Walsh,

    Affiliation: Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • James Bailey,

    Affiliation: Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

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  • David Brunson,

    Affiliation: Veterinary Specialty Team - Sedation, Pain Management and Anesthesiology, Pfizer Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

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  • Frances Gulland,

    Affiliation: Veterinary Science, The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California, United States of America

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  • Scott Landry,

    Affiliation: Marine Animal Entanglement Response, Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • David Mattila,

    Affiliation: Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary, National Ocean Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Kihei, Hawaii, United States of America

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  • Charles Mayo,

    Affiliation: Marine Animal Entanglement Response, Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Christopher Slay,

    Affiliation: Coastwise Consulting Inc., Athens, Georgia, United States of America

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  • Jamison Smith,

    Affiliation: Protected Resources Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Teresa Rowles

    Affiliation: Marine Mammal Conservation Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Published: March 09, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009597

About the Authors

Michael Moore
Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America
Michael Walsh, James Bailey
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America
David Brunson
Veterinary Specialty Team - Sedation, Pain Management and Anesthesiology, Pfizer Inc., Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America
Frances Gulland
Veterinary Science, The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California, United States of America
Scott Landry, Charles Mayo
Marine Animal Entanglement Response, Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies, Provincetown, Massachusetts, United States of America
David Mattila
Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary, National Ocean Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Kihei, Hawaii, United States of America
Christopher Slay
Coastwise Consulting Inc., Athens, Georgia, United States of America
Jamison Smith
Protected Resources Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Gloucester, Massachusetts, United States of America
Teresa Rowles
Marine Mammal Conservation Division, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: mmoore@whoi.edu

Competing Interests

With regards to Dr. Brunson's current employment at Pfizer Inc., Dr. Brunson was an employee of the University of Wisconsin Veterinary School for the duration of his primary involvement with the project from 1998 to 2002. His mailing address in the manuscript is given as Pfizer, as that is his current place of employment. Since he has been at Pfizer, the choice of drugs for procurement and deployment for the second right whale case were made by other authors, primarily at the University of Florida (Drs. Walsh and Bailey). No drugs have been procured from or donated by Pfizer. There are no products in development at Pfizer related to this research and employment. The current and likely future source of drugs for use in the methods described in this paper will be from ZooPharm (http://www.zoopharm.net/), a division of Wildlife Pharmaceuticals, with which none of the authors have any relationship. Christopher Slay is an employee of Coastwise Consulting. He does not have any pending patents or marketed products related to this work. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors (http://www.plosone.org/static/policies.action#sharing).

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MM MTW JEB DBB FG SL DM CM JMS TKR. Performed the experiments: MM MTW JEB DBB FG SL DM CM CTS JMS TKR. Analyzed the data: MM MTW JEB CTS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MM MTW JEB DBB FG SL DM CM CTS JMS TKR. Wrote the paper: MM MTW JEB FG SL DM CTS TKR.