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Research Article

Streptococcus pneumoniae Coinfection Is Correlated with the Severity of H1N1 Pandemic Influenza

  • Gustavo Palacios equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Gustavo Palacios, Mady Hornig

    gp2050@columbia.edu (GP); wil2001@columbia.edu (WIL)

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Mady Hornig equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Gustavo Palacios, Mady Hornig

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Daniel Cisterna,

    Affiliation: Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Administracion Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud “Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán”, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    X
  • Nazir Savji,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Ana Valeria Bussetti,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Vishal Kapoor,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Jeffrey Hui,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Rafal Tokarz,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas Briese,

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Elsa Baumeister,

    Affiliation: Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Administracion Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud “Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán”, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    X
  • W. Ian Lipkin mail

    gp2050@columbia.edu (GP); wil2001@columbia.edu (WIL)

    Affiliation: Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Published: December 31, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008540

About the Authors

Gustavo Palacios, Mady Hornig, Nazir Savji, Ana Valeria Bussetti, Vishal Kapoor, Jeffrey Hui, Rafal Tokarz, Thomas Briese, W. Ian Lipkin
Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Daniel Cisterna, Elsa Baumeister
Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Infecciosas, Administracion Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud “Dr. Carlos G. Malbrán”, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GP DC WIL. Performed the experiments: NS AVB VK JH. Analyzed the data: GP MH NS TB WIL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DC RT TB EB. Wrote the paper: GP MH DC EB WIL.