Advertisement
Research Article

The Effects of Circumcision on the Penis Microbiome

  • Lance B. Price equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Lance B. Price, Cindy M. Liu

    lprice@tgen.org

    Affiliation: Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Cindy M. Liu equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Lance B. Price, Cindy M. Liu

    Affiliations: Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Kristine E. Johnson,

    Affiliation: Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Maliha Aziz,

    Affiliation: Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Matthew K. Lau,

    Affiliation: Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Jolene Bowers,

    Affiliation: Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Jacques Ravel,

    Affiliation: University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Paul S. Keim,

    Affiliations: Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • David Serwadda,

    Affiliation: School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

    X
  • Maria J. Wawer,

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Ronald H. Gray

    Affiliation: Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 06, 2010
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008422

About the Authors

Lance B. Price, Cindy M. Liu, Maliha Aziz, Jolene Bowers, Paul S. Keim
Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America
Cindy M. Liu, Matthew K. Lau, Paul S. Keim
Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America
Kristine E. Johnson
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
Jacques Ravel
University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America
David Serwadda
School of Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Maria J. Wawer, Ronald H. Gray
Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: lprice@tgen.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LBP CML KEJ MA MKL JR PK DS MJW RHG. Performed the experiments: LBP CML MA MKL JRB. Analyzed the data: LBP CML KEJ MA MKL JRB JR PK MJW RHG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LBP CML KEJ MA JR DS MJW RHG. Wrote the paper: LBP CML KEJ MA MKL JRB JR PK MJW RHG.