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Research Article

Explaining the Imperfection of the Molecular Clock of Hominid Mitochondria

  • Eva-Liis Loogväli mail,

    eva-liis.loogvali@ut.ee

    Affiliations: Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Toomas Kivisild,

    Affiliations: Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Leverhulme Centre of Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Tõnu Margus,

    Affiliation: Department of Bioinformatics, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Richard Villems

    Affiliations: Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia, Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

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  • Published: December 29, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008260

About the Authors

Eva-Liis Loogväli, Toomas Kivisild, Richard Villems
Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, Estonia
Eva-Liis Loogväli, Richard Villems
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
Toomas Kivisild
Leverhulme Centre of Human Evolutionary Studies, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Tõnu Margus
Department of Bioinformatics, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Corresponding Author

Email: eva-liis.loogvali@ut.ee

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ELL TK RV. Analyzed the data: ELL TK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TM. Wrote the paper: ELL TK RV.