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Research Article

Combination of Real-Value Smell and Metaphor Expression Aids Yeast Detection

  • Kouki Fujioka,

    Affiliations: International Clinical Research Centre, Research Institute, International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan, Institute of DNA Medicine, Research Centre for Medical Sciences, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Eiji Arakawa,

    Affiliation: Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Jun-ichi Kita,

    Affiliation: Research and Development Group, Business Development Department, Analytical and Measuring Instruments Division, Shimadzu Corporation, Kyoto, Japan

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  • Yoshihiro Aoyama,

    Affiliation: Research and Development Group, Business Development Department, Analytical and Measuring Instruments Division, Shimadzu Corporation, Kyoto, Japan

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  • Toshiro Okuda,

    Affiliation: Sanwa Norin Corporation, Ltd., Saitama, Japan

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  • Yoshinobu Manome,

    Affiliation: Institute of DNA Medicine, Research Centre for Medical Sciences, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Kenji Yamamoto mail

    backen@ri.imcj.go.jp

    Affiliation: International Clinical Research Centre, Research Institute, International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan

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  • Published: November 20, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007939

About the Authors

Kouki Fujioka, Kenji Yamamoto
International Clinical Research Centre, Research Institute, International Medical Centre of Japan, Tokyo, Japan
Kouki Fujioka, Yoshinobu Manome
Institute of DNA Medicine, Research Centre for Medical Sciences, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
Eiji Arakawa
Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan
Jun-ichi Kita, Yoshihiro Aoyama
Research and Development Group, Business Development Department, Analytical and Measuring Instruments Division, Shimadzu Corporation, Kyoto, Japan
Toshiro Okuda
Sanwa Norin Corporation, Ltd., Saitama, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: backen@ri.imcj.go.jp

Competing Interests

Shimadzu corporation possesses patents about the FF-2A odour discrimination device. Representative Patents: Analysis algorithms (2005-291763, 2005-077099, 2004-93447, 2004-93446, and 2003-315298); Odour capture system (2008-145271); Odour discrimination device systems (2004-333134). These algorithms and systems have limitation of use.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EA JiK YA TO YM KY. Performed the experiments: JiK YA TO. Analyzed the data: KF JiK YA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JiK YA TO. Wrote the paper: KF KY.