About the Authors
- Angela M. C. Rose, Sibylle Gerstl, Philippe J. Guerin
- Epicentre, Paris, France
- Ali E.-H. Mahamane, Fati Sidikou, Saacou Djibo, Suzanne Chanteau
- Centre de Recherche Médicale et Sanitaire (CERMES), Réseau International des Institut Pasteur, Niamey, Niger
- Laurence Bonte
- Médecins sans Frontières, Paris, France
- Dominique A. Caugant
- WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Meningococci, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
Conceived and designed the experiments: PJG. Performed the experiments: AMR SG AEHM FS SD DAC SC. Analyzed the data: AMR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AEHM FS SD LB DAC SC. Wrote the paper: AMR SG PJG. Refined the protocol methodology: AMR. Co-supervised work in the field: AMR SG. Provided laboratory testing advice in initial protocol stages and throughout project: LB. Commented on draft manuscript: LB DAC. Provided advice throughout the project: DAC. Overall supervision of project: PJG. Overall supervision of confirmatory tests in CERMES laboratory in Niger: SC.