Advertisement
Research Article

Population Structure of Humpback Whales from Their Breeding Grounds in the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans

  • Howard C. Rosenbaum mail,

    hrosenbaum@wcs.org

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics and Conservation Genetics Program, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America, American Museum of Natural History, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of E3B, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Cristina Pomilla,

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics and Conservation Genetics Program, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America, American Museum of Natural History, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Martin Mendez,

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics and Conservation Genetics Program, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of E3B, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Matthew S. Leslie,

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics and Conservation Genetics Program, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Peter B. Best,

    Affiliation: University of Pretoria, Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Ken P. Findlay,

    Affiliation: Oceanography Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa

    X
  • Gianna Minton,

    Affiliation: Environment Society of Oman, Ruwi, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman

    X
  • Peter J. Ersts,

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, American Museum of Natural History, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, New York, New York, United States of America

    X
  • Timothy Collins,

    Affiliations: Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America, Environment Society of Oman, Ruwi, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman

    X
  • Marcia H. Engel,

    Affiliations: Instituto Baleia Jubarte, Caravelas, Bahia, Brazil, Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    X
  • Sandro L. Bonatto,

    Affiliation: Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

    X
  • Deon P. G. H. Kotze,

    Affiliation: Marine and Coastal Management, Rogge Bay, South Africa

    X
  • Mike Meÿer,

    Affiliation: Marine and Coastal Management, Rogge Bay, South Africa

    X
  • Jaco Barendse,

    Affiliation: University of Pretoria, Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Meredith Thornton,

    Affiliation: University of Pretoria, Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, Cape Town, South Africa

    X
  • Yvette Razafindrakoto,

    Affiliation: Wildlife Conservation Society-Madagascar Country Program, Antananarivo, Madagascar

    X
  • Solange Ngouessono,

    Affiliation: Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, Ministère du Tourisme et des Parcs Nationaux, Libreville, Gabon

    X
  • Michel Vely,

    Affiliation: Association Megaptera, Paris, France

    X
  • Jeremy Kiszka

    Affiliation: Université de La Rochelle, LIENSS, Institut du Littoral et de l'Environnement, La Rochelle, France

    X
  • Published: October 08, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0007318

About the Authors

Howard C. Rosenbaum, Cristina Pomilla, Martin Mendez, Matthew S. Leslie, Peter J. Ersts, Timothy Collins
Cetacean Conservation and Research Program, Global Conservation-Marine, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America
Howard C. Rosenbaum, Cristina Pomilla, Martin Mendez, Matthew S. Leslie
Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics and Conservation Genetics Program, American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, United States of America
Howard C. Rosenbaum, Cristina Pomilla, Peter J. Ersts
American Museum of Natural History, Center for Biodiversity and Conservation, New York, New York, United States of America
Howard C. Rosenbaum, Martin Mendez
Department of E3B, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
Peter B. Best, Jaco Barendse, Meredith Thornton
University of Pretoria, Mammal Research Institute, Pretoria, Cape Town, South Africa
Gianna Minton, Timothy Collins
Environment Society of Oman, Ruwi, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
Marcia H. Engel
Instituto Baleia Jubarte, Caravelas, Bahia, Brazil
Ken P. Findlay
Oceanography Department, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa
Deon P. G. H. Kotze, Mike Meÿer
Marine and Coastal Management, Rogge Bay, South Africa
Marcia H. Engel, Sandro L. Bonatto
Faculdade de Biociências, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Yvette Razafindrakoto
Wildlife Conservation Society-Madagascar Country Program, Antananarivo, Madagascar
Solange Ngouessono
Agence Nationale des Parcs Nationaux, Ministère du Tourisme et des Parcs Nationaux, Libreville, Gabon
Michel Vely
Association Megaptera, Paris, France
Jeremy Kiszka
Université de La Rochelle, LIENSS, Institut du Littoral et de l'Environnement, La Rochelle, France

Corresponding Author

Email: hrosenbaum@wcs.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HR CP MM MSL PBB KPF GM PJE TC MHE SLB DPGHK MM JB MT YR SN MV JK. Performed the experiments: HR CP MM MSL PBB KPF GM PJE TC MHE SLB DPGHK MM JB MT YR SN MV JK. Analyzed the data: HR CP MM MSL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HR CP MM MSL PBB KPF GM PJE TC MHE SLB DPGHK MM JB MT YR SN MV JK. Wrote the paper: HR CP MM MSL. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content: CP MM MSL PBB KPF GM PJE TC MHE SLB DPGHK MM JB MT YR SN MV JK. Final approval of the version to be published: CP MM MSL PBB KPF GM PJE TC MHE SLB DPGHK MM JB MT YR SN MV JK.