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Research Article

Energy Sprawl or Energy Efficiency: Climate Policy Impacts on Natural Habitat for the United States of America

  • Robert I. McDonald mail,

    rob_mcdonald@TNC.ORG

    Affiliation: Worldwide Office, The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Joseph Fargione,

    Affiliation: Central Region, The Nature Conservancy, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

    X
  • Joe Kiesecker,

    Affiliation: Rocky Mountain Region, The Nature Conservancy, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • William M. Miller,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Jimmie Powell

    Affiliation: Worldwide Office, The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 26, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006802

About the Authors

Robert I. McDonald, Jimmie Powell
Worldwide Office, The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia, United States of America
Joseph Fargione
Central Region, The Nature Conservancy, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America
Joe Kiesecker
Rocky Mountain Region, The Nature Conservancy, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America
William M. Miller
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: rob_mcdonald@TNC.ORG

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Designed the project, completed portions of the analysis, and wrote the paper: RIM. Analyzed biofuel and biomass trends: JF. Analyzed trends in oil and natural gas exploration: JK. Analyzed trends in solar power generation: WM. Designed the project: JP.