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Research Article

Alteration of Gene Expression Signatures of Cortical Differentiation and Wound Response in Lethal Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinomas

  • Hongjuan Zhao,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Zongming Ma,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Robert Tibshirani,

    Affiliation: Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • John P. T. Higgins,

    Affiliation: Department of Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Börje Ljungberg,

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

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  • James D. Brooks mail

    jdbrooks@stanford.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Urology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

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  • Published: June 25, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006039

About the Authors

Hongjuan Zhao, James D. Brooks
Department of Urology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
Zongming Ma, Robert Tibshirani
Department of Statistics, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
John P. T. Higgins
Department of Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America
Börje Ljungberg
Department of Urology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Corresponding Author

Email: jdbrooks@stanford.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BL JB. Performed the experiments: HZ. Analyzed the data: HZ ZM RT JH JB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BL. Wrote the paper: HZ ZM JB.