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Research Article

Phylogeny and Biogeography of Hawkmoths (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae): Evidence from Five Nuclear Genes

  • Akito Y. Kawahara mail,

    kawahara@umd.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Andre A. Mignault,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Jerome C. Regier,

    Affiliation: Center for Biosystems Research, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Ian J. Kitching,

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

    X
  • Charles Mitter

    Affiliation: Department of Entomology, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

    X
  • Published: May 28, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005719

About the Authors

Akito Y. Kawahara, Andre A. Mignault, Charles Mitter
Department of Entomology, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Jerome C. Regier
Center for Biosystems Research, University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute, College Park, Maryland, United States of America
Ian J. Kitching
Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: kawahara@umd.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AYK AAM JR IJK CM. Performed the experiments: AYK AAM JR. Analyzed the data: AYK AAM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JR. Wrote the paper: AYK JR IJK CM.