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Research Article

Musical Aptitude Is Associated with AVPR1A-Haplotypes

  • Liisa T. Ukkola mail,

    irma.jarvela@kolumbus.fi

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Päivi Onkamo,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Pirre Raijas,

    Affiliation: Sibelius Academy, DocMus Department, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Kai Karma,

    Affiliation: Sibelius Academy, Department of Music Education, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Irma Järvelä

    Affiliations: Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Published: May 20, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005534

About the Authors

Liisa T. Ukkola, Irma Järvelä
Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Päivi Onkamo
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Pirre Raijas
Sibelius Academy, DocMus Department, Helsinki, Finland
Kai Karma
Sibelius Academy, Department of Music Education, Helsinki, Finland
Irma Järvelä
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Corresponding Author

Email: irma.jarvela@kolumbus.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LTU IJ. Performed the experiments: LTU. Analyzed the data: LTU PO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PR KK. Wrote the paper: LTU IJ.