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Research Article

Ambient Air Pollution and Birth Defects in Brisbane, Australia

  • Craig A. Hansen,

    Affiliation: National Center for Environmental Assessment, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Adrian G. Barnett mail,

    a.barnett@qut.edu.au

    Affiliation: Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation & School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

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  • Bin B. Jalaludin,

    Affiliations: Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Geoffrey G. Morgan

    Affiliations: Northern Rivers University Department of Rural Health, University of Sydney, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia, North Coast Area Health Service, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia

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  • Published: April 30, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005408

About the Authors

Craig A. Hansen
National Center for Environmental Assessment, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
Adrian G. Barnett
Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation & School of Public Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Bin B. Jalaludin
Centre for Research, Evidence Management and Surveillance, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Bin B. Jalaludin
School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Geoffrey G. Morgan
Northern Rivers University Department of Rural Health, University of Sydney, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia
Geoffrey G. Morgan
North Coast Area Health Service, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia

Corresponding Author

Email: a.barnett@qut.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CAH AB BBJ GGM. Analyzed the data: CAH AB. Wrote the paper: CAH AB BBJ GGM.