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Research Article

Mass Stranding of Marine Birds Caused by a Surfactant-Producing Red Tide

  • David A. Jessup,

    Affiliation: California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center (MWVCRC), Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Melissa A. Miller,

    Affiliation: California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center (MWVCRC), Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • John P. Ryan,

    Affiliation: Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America

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  • Hannah M. Nevins,

    Affiliations: California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center (MWVCRC), Santa Cruz, California, United States of America, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, Moss Landing, California, United States of America

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  • Heather A. Kerkering,

    Affiliation: CeNCOOS Program, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America

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  • Abdou Mekebri,

    Affiliation: California Department of Fish and Game, Water Pollution Control Laboratory, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

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  • David B. Crane,

    Affiliation: California Department of Fish and Game, Water Pollution Control Laboratory, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America

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  • Tyler A. Johnson,

    Affiliation: Ocean Sciences Department and Institute for Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Raphael M. Kudela mail

    Kudela@ucsc.edu

    Affiliation: Ocean Sciences Department and Institute for Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

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  • Published: February 23, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004550

About the Authors

David A. Jessup, Melissa A. Miller, Hannah M. Nevins
California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Wildlife Veterinary Care and Research Center (MWVCRC), Santa Cruz, California, United States of America
John P. Ryan
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America
Hannah M. Nevins
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, Moss Landing, California, United States of America
Heather A. Kerkering
CeNCOOS Program, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California, United States of America
Abdou Mekebri, David B. Crane
California Department of Fish and Game, Water Pollution Control Laboratory, Rancho Cordova, California, United States of America
Tyler A. Johnson, Raphael M. Kudela
Ocean Sciences Department and Institute for Marine Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: Kudela@ucsc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DJ RMK. Performed the experiments: DJ MAM RMK. Analyzed the data: DJ MAM JPR HMN HAK AM DBC TAJ RMK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DJ MAM JPR HMN HAK AM DBC TAJ RMK. Wrote the paper: DJ MAM JPR HMN HAK AM DBC TAJ RMK.