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Research Article

Relationship between Expression of the Family of M Proteins and Lipoteichoic Acid to Hydrophobicity and Biofilm Formation in Streptococcus pyogenes

  • Harry S. Courtney mail,

    hcourtney@utmem.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Itzhak Ofek,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

    X
  • Thomas Penfound,

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Victor Nizet,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Morgan A. Pence,

    Affiliation: Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

    X
  • Bernd Kreikemeyer,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Hospital of Rostock University, Rostock, Germany

    X
  • Andreas Podbielbski,

    Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Hospital of Rostock University, Rostock, Germany

    X
  • David L. Hasty,

    Affiliations: Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • James B. Dale

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Molecular Sciences, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 09, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004166

About the Authors

Harry S. Courtney, Itzhak Ofek, Thomas Penfound, James B. Dale
Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America
David L. Hasty
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America
James B. Dale
Department of Molecular Sciences, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America
Harry S. Courtney, David L. Hasty, James B. Dale
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America
Itzhak Ofek
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Immunology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Victor Nizet, Morgan A. Pence
Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America
Bernd Kreikemeyer, Andreas Podbielbski
Department of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Hospital of Rostock University, Rostock, Germany

Corresponding Author

Email: hcourtney@utmem.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HC IO TP. Performed the experiments: HC IO TP MAP. Analyzed the data: HC IO TP VN BK AP DLH JBD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HC VN MAP BK AP DLH JBD. Wrote the paper: HC IO TP VN BK AP DLH JBD.