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Research Article

Remote Excitation of Neuronal Circuits Using Low-Intensity, Low-Frequency Ultrasound

  • William J. Tyler mail,

    wtyler@asu.edu

    Affiliations: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America, Harrington Department of Bioengineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Yusuf Tufail,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Michael Finsterwald,

    Affiliation: Array Therapeutic, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Monica L. Tauchmann,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Emily J. Olson,

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Cassondra Majestic

    Affiliation: School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

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  • Published: October 29, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003511

About the Authors

William J. Tyler, Yusuf Tufail, Monica L. Tauchmann, Emily J. Olson, Cassondra Majestic
School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America
William J. Tyler
Harrington Department of Bioengineering, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America
Michael Finsterwald
Array Therapeutic, Scottsdale, Arizona, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: wtyler@asu.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WJT. Performed the experiments: WJT YT MF MLT EJO. Analyzed the data: WJT YT MLT EJO CM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WJT MF. Wrote the paper: WJT YT MLT EJO.