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Research Article

Gender Differences in the Risk of HIV Infection among Persons Reporting Abstinence, Monogamy, and Multiple Sexual Partners in Northern Tanzania

  • Keren Z. Landman,

    Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Jan Ostermann,

    Affiliations: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • John A. Crump,

    Affiliations: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Anna Mgonja,

    Affiliation: KIWAKKUKI (Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro), Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Meghan K. Mayhood,

    Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Dafrosa K. Itemba,

    Affiliation: KIWAKKUKI (Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro), Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Alison C. Tribble,

    Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • Evaline M. Ndosi,

    Affiliation: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Helen Y. Chu,

    Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

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  • John F. Shao,

    Affiliations: Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • John A. Bartlett,

    Affiliations: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania

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  • Nathan M. Thielman mail

    n.thielman@duke.edu

    Affiliations: Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 27, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003075

About the Authors

Keren Z. Landman, Jan Ostermann, John A. Crump, Meghan K. Mayhood, Alison C. Tribble, Helen Y. Chu, John A. Bartlett, Nathan M. Thielman
Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
Jan Ostermann, John A. Crump, John A. Bartlett, Nathan M. Thielman
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
John A. Crump, John F. Shao, John A. Bartlett
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical College, Tumaini University, Moshi, Tanzania
John A. Crump, Evaline M. Ndosi, John F. Shao, John A. Bartlett
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania
Anna Mgonja, Dafrosa K. Itemba
KIWAKKUKI (Women Against AIDS in Kilimanjaro), Moshi, Tanzania

Corresponding Author

Email: n.thielman@duke.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KZL JAC DI NMT. Performed the experiments: KZL AM MM AT HC. Analyzed the data: KZL JO EN NMT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JO DI JS JAB. Wrote the paper: KZL JO NMT.