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Research Article

Lakeside Cemeteries in the Sahara: 5000 Years of Holocene Population and Environmental Change

  • Paul C. Sereno mail,

    dinosaur@uchicago.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

    X
  • Elena A. A. Garcea,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Filologia e Storia, University of Cassino, Cassino, Italy

    X
  • Hélène Jousse,

    Affiliation: Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Wien, Austria

    X
  • Christopher M. Stojanowski,

    Affiliation: School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Jean-François Saliège,

    Affiliation: Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat Expérimentations et Approches Numériques, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

    X
  • Abdoulaye Maga,

    Affiliations: Direction de L'Education, Culture, Science et Technologie, Economic Community of West African States Commission, Abuja, Nigeria, Institut des Sciences Humaines, Université de Niamey, Niamey, République du Niger

    X
  • Oumarou A. Ide,

    Affiliation: Institut des Sciences Humaines, Université de Niamey, Niamey, République du Niger

    X
  • Kelly J. Knudson,

    Affiliation: School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

    X
  • Anna Maria Mercuri,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento del Museo di Paleobiologia e dell'Orto Botanico, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

    X
  • Thomas W. Stafford Jr.,

    Affiliation: Stafford Research Laboratories, Inc., Lafayette, Colorado, United States of America

    X
  • Thomas G. Kaye,

    Affiliation: Burke Museum of Natural History, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Carlo Giraudi,

    Affiliation: Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente, Rome, Italy

    X
  • Isabella Massamba N'siala,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento del Museo di Paleobiologia e dell'Orto Botanico, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy

    X
  • Enzo Cocca,

    Affiliation: Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche, Antropologiche e Archeologiche dell'Antichità, University of Rome “La Sapienza,” Rome, Italy

    X
  • Hannah M. Moots,

    Affiliation: Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

    X
  • Didier B. Dutheil,

    Affiliation: Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France

    X
  • Jeffrey P. Stivers

    Affiliation: Federal Way, Washington, United States of America

    Current address: North Bend, Washington, United States of America

    X
  • Published: August 14, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002995

About the Authors

Paul C. Sereno, Hannah M. Moots
Department of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Elena A. A. Garcea
Dipartimento di Filologia e Storia, University of Cassino, Cassino, Italy
Hélène Jousse
Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Wien, Austria
Christopher M. Stojanowski, Kelly J. Knudson
School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America
Jean-François Saliège
Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat Expérimentations et Approches Numériques, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
Abdoulaye Maga
Direction de L'Education, Culture, Science et Technologie, Economic Community of West African States Commission, Abuja, Nigeria
Abdoulaye Maga, Oumarou A. Ide
Institut des Sciences Humaines, Université de Niamey, Niamey, République du Niger
Anna Maria Mercuri, Isabella Massamba N'siala
Dipartimento del Museo di Paleobiologia e dell'Orto Botanico, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
Thomas W. Stafford Jr.
Stafford Research Laboratories, Inc., Lafayette, Colorado, United States of America
Thomas G. Kaye
Burke Museum of Natural History, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Carlo Giraudi
Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente, Rome, Italy
Enzo Cocca
Dipartimento di Scienze Storiche, Antropologiche e Archeologiche dell'Antichità, University of Rome “La Sapienza,” Rome, Italy
Didier B. Dutheil
Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France
Jeffrey P. Stivers
Federal Way, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: dinosaur@uchicago.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Involved in writing sections of the paper: PCS EAAG HJ CMS AM OI KJK AMM CG DBD. Participants in the field work: PCS EAAG HJ CMS AM OI CG IMN HMM DBD JPS. Geologic interpretations: PCS HJ CG. Chronological framework: PCS EAAG HJ J-FS TWS. Faunal analysis: PCS DBD. Skeletal processing and reconstruction: PCS. Ornament analysis: PCS TGK HMM. Felsite identification: PCS TGK. Lithic analysis: EAAG EC. Ceramic analysis and reconstruction: EAAG. Craniofacial analysis: CMS. Isotope analysis: KJK. Pollen analysis: AMM IMN.