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Research Article

Prion Infected Meat-and-Bone Meal Is Still Infectious after Biodiesel Production

  • Cathrin E. Bruederle mail,

    cathrin.bruederle@gmail.com

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS WRRC, Foodborne Contaminants Research Unit, Albany, California, United States of America

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  • Robert M. Hnasko,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS WRRC, Foodborne Contaminants Research Unit, Albany, California, United States of America

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  • Thomas Kraemer,

    Affiliation: Forensic Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, Germany

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  • Rafael A. Garcia,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS ERRC, Fats, Oils and Animal Coproducts Research Unit, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Michael J. Haas,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS ERRC, Fats, Oils and Animal Coproducts Research Unit, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • William N. Marmer,

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS ERRC, Fats, Oils and Animal Coproducts Research Unit, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • John Mark Carter

    Affiliation: USDA-ARS WRRC, Foodborne Contaminants Research Unit, Albany, California, United States of America

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  • Published: August 13, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002969

About the Authors

Cathrin E. Bruederle, Robert M. Hnasko, John Mark Carter
USDA-ARS WRRC, Foodborne Contaminants Research Unit, Albany, California, United States of America
Thomas Kraemer
Forensic Toxicology, Institute of Legal Medicine, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, Germany
Rafael A. Garcia, Michael J. Haas, William N. Marmer
USDA-ARS ERRC, Fats, Oils and Animal Coproducts Research Unit, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: cathrin.bruederle@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CEB RMH WNM JMC. Performed the experiments: CEB RMH TK. Analyzed the data: CEB TK JMC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CEB RMH TK RAG MJH JMC. Wrote the paper: CEB.