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Research Article

Surfactants as Microbicides and Contraceptive Agents: A Systematic In Vitro Study

  • Otilia V. Vieira mail,

    vieira@cnc.cj.uc.pt

    Affiliation: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Diego O. Hartmann equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Diego O. Hartmann, Carla M. P. Cardoso

    Affiliation: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Carla M. P. Cardoso equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Diego O. Hartmann, Carla M. P. Cardoso

    Affiliation: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Daniel Oberdoerfer,

    Affiliation: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Marta Baptista,

    Affiliation: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Manuel A. S. Santos,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal

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  • Luis Almeida,

    Affiliations: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • João Ramalho-Santos,

    Affiliations: Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Genetics and Human Reproduction, University Hospitals of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Winchil L. C. Vaz

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

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  • Published: August 06, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002913

About the Authors

Otilia V. Vieira, Diego O. Hartmann, Carla M. P. Cardoso, Daniel Oberdoerfer, Marta Baptista, Luis Almeida, João Ramalho-Santos
Centre for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Manuel A. S. Santos
Department of Biology and CESAM, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal
Luis Almeida
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
João Ramalho-Santos
Department of Zoology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
João Ramalho-Santos
Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Genetics and Human Reproduction, University Hospitals of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
Winchil L. C. Vaz
Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

Corresponding Author

Email: vieira@cnc.cj.uc.pt

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: OVV JRS WLCV. Performed the experiments: OVV DOH CMPC DO MB. Analyzed the data: OVV DOH CMPC DO MB WLCV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OVV MASS LA. Wrote the paper: OVV WLCV.