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Research Article

Does Pathogen Spillover from Commercially Reared Bumble Bees Threaten Wild Pollinators?

  • Michael C. Otterstatter mail,

    michael.otterstatter@utoronto.ca

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • James D. Thomson

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: July 23, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002771

About the Authors

Michael C. Otterstatter, James D. Thomson
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Corresponding Author

Email: michael.otterstatter@utoronto.ca

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MCO. Performed the experiments: MCO. Analyzed the data: MCO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JT. Wrote the paper: MCO. Intellectual contributions during the design and implementation of this study, and during the writing of the manuscript: JT. Provided funding in support of this study: JT.