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Research Article

Evolution of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Its Close Commensal Relatives

  • Mogens Kilian mail,

    kilian@microbiology.au.dk

    Affiliation: Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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  • Knud Poulsen,

    Affiliation: Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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  • Trinelise Blomqvist,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway

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  • Leiv S. Håvarstein,

    Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway

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  • Malene Bek-Thomsen,

    Affiliation: Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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  • Hervé Tettelin,

    Affiliation: Institute for Genome Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

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  • Uffe B. S. Sørensen

    Affiliation: Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

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  • Published: July 16, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002683

About the Authors

Mogens Kilian, Knud Poulsen, Malene Bek-Thomsen, Uffe B. S. Sørensen
Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
Trinelise Blomqvist, Leiv S. Håvarstein
Department of Chemistry, Biotechnology and Food Science, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway
Hervé Tettelin
Institute for Genome Sciences, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: kilian@microbiology.au.dk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK KP. Performed the experiments: MK KP TB LSH MBT HT UBS. Analyzed the data: MK KP TB LSH MBT HT UBS. Wrote the paper: MK KP LSH UBS.