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Research Article

Superfast Vocal Muscles Control Song Production in Songbirds

  • Coen P. H. Elemans mail,

    coen@biology.sdu.dk

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

    Current address: Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense M, Denmark

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  • Andrew F. Mead,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Lawrence C. Rome,

    Affiliations: Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America, The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

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  • Franz Goller

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America

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  • Published: July 09, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002581

About the Authors

Coen P. H. Elemans, Franz Goller
Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States of America
Andrew F. Mead, Lawrence C. Rome
Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America
Lawrence C. Rome
The Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: coen@biology.sdu.dk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FG CE AM LR. Performed the experiments: FG CE AM LR. Analyzed the data: FG CE AM LR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FG LR. Wrote the paper: FG CE AM LR.