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Research Article

Increased Avian Diversity Is Associated with Lower Incidence of Human West Nile Infection: Observation of the Dilution Effect

  • John P. Swaddle mail,

    jpswad@wm.edu

    Affiliations: National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America, Institute of Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, Biology Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Stavros E. Calos

    Affiliation: Institute of Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, Biology Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States of America

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  • Published: June 25, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002488

About the Authors

John P. Swaddle
National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America
John P. Swaddle, Stavros E. Calos
Institute of Integrative Bird Behavior Studies, Biology Department, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: jpswad@wm.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JS. Performed the experiments: JS SC. Analyzed the data: JS SC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JS. Wrote the paper: JS SC.