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Research Article

Parasitoid Increases Survival of Its Pupae by Inducing Hosts to Fight Predators

  • Amir H. Grosman,

    Affiliation: Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Section Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Arne Janssen mail,

    Janssen@science.uva.nl

    Affiliation: Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Section Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Elaine F. de Brito,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Eduardo G. Cordeiro,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Felipe Colares,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Juliana Oliveira Fonseca,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Eraldo R. Lima,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Angelo Pallini,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

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  • Maurice W. Sabelis

    Affiliation: Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Section Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Published: June 04, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002276

About the Authors

Amir H. Grosman, Arne Janssen, Maurice W. Sabelis
Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Section Population Biology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Elaine F. de Brito, Eduardo G. Cordeiro, Felipe Colares, Juliana Oliveira Fonseca, Eraldo R. Lima, Angelo Pallini
Department of Animal Biology, Section Agricultural Entomology, Federal University of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Corresponding Author

Email: Janssen@science.uva.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AP MS AJ AG EL. Performed the experiments: AJ AG Ed EC FC JO. Analyzed the data: AJ AG. Wrote the paper: MS AJ AG.