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Research Article

Ultrasonic Vocalizations Induced by Sex and Amphetamine in M2, M4, M5 Muscarinic and D2 Dopamine Receptor Knockout Mice

  • Haoran Wang mail,

    haoranw@psych.toronto.edu (HW); yeomans@psych.toronto.edu (JY)

    Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Center for Biological Timing and Cognition (CTBC), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Shuyin Liang,

    Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Center for Biological Timing and Cognition (CTBC), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

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  • Jeffrey Burgdorf,

    Affiliation: Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Jurgen Wess,

    Affiliation: Molecular Signaling, Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

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  • John Yeomans mail

    haoranw@psych.toronto.edu (HW); yeomans@psych.toronto.edu (JY)

    Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Center for Biological Timing and Cognition (CTBC), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

    X
  • Published: April 02, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001893

About the Authors

Haoran Wang, Shuyin Liang, John Yeomans
Department of Psychology, Center for Biological Timing and Cognition (CTBC), University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Jeffrey Burgdorf
Falk Center for Molecular Therapeutics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America
Jurgen Wess
Molecular Signaling, Laboratory of Bioorganic Chemistry, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HW JB JY. Performed the experiments: HW SL. Analyzed the data: HW SL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JW JY. Wrote the paper: HW JY. Other: Read the paper and gave good comments: SL. Read the paper and gave excellent comments: JW JB. Technical instruction: JB.