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Research Article

Catechol-O-Methyltransferase Gene Polymorphism Is Associated with Skeletal Muscle Properties in Older Women Alone and Together with Physical Activity

  • Paula H. A. Ronkainen mail,

    paula.ronkainen@sport.jyu.fi

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Eija Pöllänen,

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Timo Törmäkangas,

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Kristina Tiainen,

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Markku Koskenvuo,

    Affiliation: Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland

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  • Jaakko Kaprio,

    Affiliations: Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland

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  • Taina Rantanen,

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Sarianna Sipilä,

    Affiliations: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland, The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Vuokko Kovanen

    Affiliation: Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

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  • Published: March 19, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001819

About the Authors

Paula H. A. Ronkainen, Eija Pöllänen, Timo Törmäkangas, Kristina Tiainen, Taina Rantanen, Sarianna Sipilä, Vuokko Kovanen
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Paula H. A. Ronkainen, Eija Pöllänen, Timo Törmäkangas, Kristina Tiainen, Taina Rantanen, Sarianna Sipilä
The Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
Markku Koskenvuo
Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Jaakko Kaprio
Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Jaakko Kaprio
Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland

Corresponding Author

Email: paula.ronkainen@sport.jyu.fi

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PR EP VK SS. Performed the experiments: PR EP KT. Analyzed the data: PR EP TT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PR VK. Wrote the paper: PR. Other: Designed the original study: JK MK TR. Commented on the manuscript: EP TT KT JK MK TR SS VK.