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Research Article

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment Outcomes in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan: Treatment Complexity and XDR-TB among Treatment Failures

  • Helen S. Cox mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: hcox@burnet.edu.au

    Affiliation: Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health, Melbourne, Australia

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  • Stobdan Kalon,

    Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

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  • Sholpan Allamuratova,

    Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

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  • Vinciane Sizaire,

    Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, London, United Kingdom

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  • Zinaida N. Tigay,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Health, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan

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  • Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes,

    Affiliation: Forchungszentrum Borstel, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Borstel, Germany

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  • Hamraev A. Karimovich,

    Affiliation: Ministry of Health, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan

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  • Yared Kebede,

    Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Clair Mills

    Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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  • Published: November 07, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001126

About the Authors

Helen S. Cox
Macfarlane Burnet Institute for Medical Research and Public Health, Melbourne, Australia
Stobdan Kalon, Sholpan Allamuratova
Médecins Sans Frontières, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Vinciane Sizaire
Médecins Sans Frontières, London, United Kingdom
Zinaida N. Tigay, Hamraev A. Karimovich
Ministry of Health, Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan
Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes
Forchungszentrum Borstel, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Borstel, Germany
Yared Kebede, Clair Mills
Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: hcox@burnet.edu.au

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HC. Performed the experiments: SA SR ZT HK. Analyzed the data: HC YK SA SK VS. Wrote the paper: HC YK CM SK VS.