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Research Article

Genome Sequencing Shows that European Isolates of Francisella tularensis Subspecies tularensis Are Almost Identical to US Laboratory Strain Schu S4

  • Roy R. Chaudhuri,

    Affiliation: Division of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kindgom

    Current address: Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Chuan-Peng Ren,

    Affiliation: Division of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kindgom

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  • Leah Desmond,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Gemma A. Vincent,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Nigel J. Silman,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • John K. Brehm,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Michael J. Elmore,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Michael J. Hudson,

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Mats Forsman,

    Affiliation: Department of NBC Analysis, Division of NBC Defence, FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Umeå, Sweden

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  • Karen E. Isherwood,

    Affiliation: Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Darina Guryčová,

    Affiliation: Department of Epidemiology, Medical Facility, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

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  • Nigel P. Minton,

    Affiliations: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

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  • Richard W. Titball,

    Affiliation: Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Mark J. Pallen equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Mark J. Pallen, Richard Vipond

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: m.pallen@bham.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Division of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kindgom

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  • Richard Vipond equal contributor

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Mark J. Pallen, Richard Vipond

    Affiliation: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom

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  • Published: April 04, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000352

About the Authors

Roy R. Chaudhuri, Chuan-Peng Ren, Mark J. Pallen
Division of Immunity and Infection, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, United Kindgom
Leah Desmond, Gemma A. Vincent, Nigel J. Silman, John K. Brehm, Michael J. Elmore, Michael J. Hudson, Nigel P. Minton, Richard Vipond
Health Protection Agency, Centre for Emergency Preparedness and Response, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom
Mats Forsman
Department of NBC Analysis, Division of NBC Defence, FOI Swedish Defence Research Agency, Umeå, Sweden
Karen E. Isherwood, Richard W. Titball
Defence Science and Technology Laboratory, Porton Down, Salisbury, United Kindgom
Darina Guryčová
Department of Epidemiology, Medical Facility, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Nigel P. Minton
Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, Institute of Infection, Immunity and Inflammation, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: m.pallen@bham.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MP NM RT RC DL NS JB MH RV LD Rw. Performed the experiments: RC CR DL GV KI RV LD Rw. Analyzed the data: MP RC ME RV Rw. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MF DG DG. Wrote the paper: MP RT RC RV Rw.