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Research Article

A Virtual Reprise of the Stanley Milgram Obedience Experiments

  • Mel Slater mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: melslater@gmail.com

    Affiliations: Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom, Institució Catalana de la Recerca i Estudis Avançats ‐ Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Virtual Reality Centre of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Angus Antley,

    Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Adam Davison,

    Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • David Swapp,

    Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Christoph Guger,

    Affiliation: Guger Technologies OEG, Schiedlberg, Austria

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  • Chris Barker,

    Affiliation: SubDepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Nancy Pistrang,

    Affiliation: SubDepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Maria V. Sanchez-Vives

    Affiliation: Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, Universidad Miguel Hernandez - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus de San Juan, San Juan de Alicante, Spain

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  • Published: December 20, 2006
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0000039

About the Authors

Mel Slater, Angus Antley, Adam Davison, David Swapp
Department of Computer Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Christoph Guger
Guger Technologies OEG, Schiedlberg, Austria
Chris Barker, Nancy Pistrang
SubDepartment of Clinical Health Psychology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
Instituto de Neurociencias de Alicante, Universidad Miguel Hernandez - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Campus de San Juan, San Juan de Alicante, Spain
Mel Slater
Institució Catalana de la Recerca i Estudis Avançats ‐ Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Virtual Reality Centre of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Corresponding Author

Email: melslater@gmail.com

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS. Performed the experiments: MS AA. Analyzed the data: MS CG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MS-V CG CB. Wrote the paper: MS MS-V. Other: Helped in the design of the experiment: MS-V NP CB. Provided system support, critical comments, and prepared multi-media materials for the paper: DS. Programmed the virtual environment: AD AA.