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Research Article

Citizen Science Reveals Unexpected Continental-Scale Evolutionary Change in a Model Organism

  • Jonathan Silvertown mail,

    J.Silvertown@open.ac.uk

    Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

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  • Laurence Cook,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

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  • Robert Cameron,

    Affiliation: Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

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  • Mike Dodd,

    Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

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  • Kevin McConway,

    Affiliation: Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

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  • Jenny Worthington,

    Affiliation: Department of Life Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

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  • Peter Skelton,

    Affiliation: Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom

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  • Christian Anton,

    Affiliation: Department of Community Ecology, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Halle, Germany

    Current address: Department of Policy Advice, National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, Halle, Germany

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  • Oliver Bossdorf,

    Affiliation: Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

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  • Bruno Baur,

    Affiliation: Section of Conservation Biology, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

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  • Menno Schilthuizen,

    Affiliation: Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands

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  • Benoît Fontaine,

    Affiliation: Département Ecologie et Gestion de la Biodiversité, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

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  • Helmut Sattmann,

    Affiliation: Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Natural History Museum of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

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  • Giorgio Bertorelle,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology and Evolution, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Maria Correia,

    Affiliation: Ciência Viva - National Agency for Scientific and Technological Culture, IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

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  • Cristina Oliveira,

    Affiliation: Ciência Viva - National Agency for Scientific and Technological Culture, IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal

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  • Beata Pokryszko,

    Affiliation: Museum of Natural History, Wrocław University, Wrocław, Poland

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  • Małgorzata Ożgo,

    Affiliation: Institute of Biology, Pomeranian University, Słupsk, Poland

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  • Arturs Stalažs,

    Affiliation: Latvia State Institute of Fruit-Growing, Dobele, Latvia

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  • Eoin Gill,

    Affiliation: Waterford Institute of Technology, Waterford, Ireland

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  • Üllar Rammul,

    Affiliation: Department of Gene Technology, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

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  • Péter Sólymos,

    Affiliation: Department of Biological Sciences, Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

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  • Zoltan Féher,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary

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  • Xavier Juan

    Affiliation: Department of Science, INS Sant Quirze, Sant Quirze del Vallès, Spain

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  • Published: April 27, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0018927

Reader Comments (2)

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Data now released with a corrigendum

Posted by JonathanSilvertown on 03 Oct 2011 at 15:21 GMT

We have now archived the data used in this paper at Data Dryad where it is available under creative commons:

doi:10.5061/dryad.p7h802r0

Some minor numerical errors were discovered in preparing the data for release. They do not affect the results or conclusions of the original paper. Briefly:

1. The last sentence of the first paragraph of Results has some wrong numbers. This is the bit looking at increase in midbanded in historical-only and in non-dune sites. What got into the paper is the versions of these from the analysis of midbanded as % total, and for consistency with everything else it should be midbanded as % banded. The right numbers are, for historical only, alpha = 0.0106, t = 7.694, P<0.001, and for non-dune, alpha= 0.0044, t=3.089, P=0.002. Still pretty strong evidence that the effect is still there in these restricted analyses, even though it’s a bit weaker (particularly for non-dune) than the paper said.

2. In the penultimate paragraph of the results, the correlation between change in midbanded and temp diffs is even more negative than we reported. The correlation shown as r=-0.108 should be r = -0.273, (d.f. and P are OK).

No competing interests declared.