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Research Article

Window Area and Development Drive Spatial Variation in Bird-Window Collisions in an Urban Landscape

  • Stephen B. Hager mail,

    stevehager@augustana.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Augustana College, Rock Island, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Bradley J. Cosentino,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, Geneva, New York, United States of America

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  • Kelly J. McKay,

    Affiliation: BioEco Research and Monitoring Center, Hampton, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Cathleen Monson,

    Affiliation: Reynolds, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Walt Zuurdeeg,

    Affiliation: Davenport, Iowa, United States of America

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  • Brian Blevins

    Affiliation: Davenport, Iowa, United States of America

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  • Published: January 09, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053371

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Publisher's Note: Formatting errors in citations

Posted by PLoS_ONE_Group on 16 Nov 2013 at 00:06 GMT

The following citations were formatted incorrectly:

Introduction
Third paragraph, third sentence, in text citations should read:
“For example, houses maintaining feeder stations during the winter attract high numbers of sparrows and finches, which account for more strike-related deaths than other species [5], [18].”
Not
“For example, houses maintaining feeder stations during the winter attract high numbers of sparrows and finches, which account for more strike-related deaths than other species [5]–[18].”

Methods / Environmental and Building Covariates
First paragraph, ninth sentence, in text citations should read:
“Because birds also respond to landscape-scale feature such as vegetated patches within the urban matrix, e.g., [16], [39], …”
Not
“Because birds also respond to landscape-scale feature such as vegetated patches within the urban matrix e.g., [16]–[39], …”

Discussion
Sixth paragraph, fourth sentence, in text citations should read:
“This similarity may be explained via faunal homogenization where urban-adapted bird species among established urban landscapes converge at the continental scale [2], [36], [49].”
Not
“This similarity may be explained via faunal homogenization where urban-adapted bird species among established urban landscapes converge at the continental scale [2], [36]–[49].”

Discussion / Conservation Implications
Third paragraph, second sentence, in text citations should read:
“We currently have a biased understanding of the spatial and temporal aspects of BWCs since previous research has been confined to large commercial and high-rise buildings [4], [50].”
Not
“We currently have a biased understanding of the spatial and temporal aspects of BWCs since previous research has been confined to large commercial and high-rise buildings [4]–[50].”

Discussion / Conservation Implications
Third paragraph, third sentence, in text citations should read:
“At a broader scale, study sites have generally been located in areas important for bird migration, such as along major migratory pathways and at urban sites at the edges of large bodies of water where staging areas (migration stopover locations) concentrate migrants [11], [19], [20], [22], [23], [51], this study.”
Not
“At a broader scale, study sites have generally been located in areas important for bird migration, such as along major migratory pathways and at urban sites at the edges of large bodies of water where staging areas (migration stopover locations) concentrate migrants [11]–[19], [20]–[22], [23]–[51], this study.”

No competing interests declared.