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Research Article

Evidence against the Involvement of Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Abnormalities in Multiple Sclerosis. A Case-Control Study

  • Ian W. Rodger mail,

    rodgeri@mcmaster.ca

    Affiliation: Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Dorothy Dilar,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Janet Dwyer,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • John Bienenstock,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Andu Coret,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Judith Coret-Simon,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Gary Foster,

    Affiliation: Biostatistics, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Arlene Franchetto,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Slobodan Franic,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Charles H. Goldsmith,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

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  • David Koff,

    Affiliation: Department of Radiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Norman B. Konyer,

    Affiliation: Imaging Research Centre, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Mitchell Levine,

    Affiliations: Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Ellen McDonald,

    Affiliation: Clinical Research, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Michael D. Noseworthy,

    Affiliations: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Imaging Research Centre, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • John Paulseth,

    Affiliation: Department of Neurology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Luciana Ribeiro,

    Affiliation: Diagnostic Imaging, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Mary Jane Sayles,

    Affiliation: Research Administration, St Joseph's Healthcare, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Lehana Thabane

    Affiliation: Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

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  • Published: August 14, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072495

Reader Comments (3)

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Dalfampridine...

Posted by ilpicardhotmail on 18 Aug 2013 at 15:05 GMT

Because of the development of dalfampridine at McMaster University and of the position of the corresponding author in that institution, I think that the obvious conflict of interest should be declared.

No competing interests declared.