Research Article

Visualizing Sound Emission of Elephant Vocalizations: Evidence for Two Rumble Production Types

  • Angela S. Stoeger mail,

    Affiliation: Department of Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

  • Gunnar Heilmann,

    Affiliation: Gfai tech GmbH, Berlin, Germany

  • Matthias Zeppelzauer,

    Affiliation: Institute for Software Technology and Interactive Systems, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria

  • AndrĂ© Ganswindt,

    Affiliations: Department of Zoology and Entomology, Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, Section of Reproduction, Department of Production Animal Studies, University of Pretoria, Onderstepoort, South Africa

  • Sean Hensman,

    Affiliation: Adventures with Elephants, Bela Bela, South Africa

  • Benjamin D. Charlton

    Affiliation: School of Psychology, University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom

  • Published: November 14, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048907

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Posted by PLoS_ONE_Group on 30 Nov 2012 at 23:19 GMT

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Competing interests declared: PLOS ONE Staff