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Research Article

Population Differentiation of Southern Indian Male Lineages Correlates with Agricultural Expansions Predating the Caste System

  • GaneshPrasad ArunKumar equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: GaneshPrasad ArunKumar, David F. Soria-Hernanz, Valampuri John Kavitha

    Affiliations: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelampakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • David F. Soria-Hernanz equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: GaneshPrasad ArunKumar, David F. Soria-Hernanz, Valampuri John Kavitha

    Affiliations: National Geographic Society, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America, Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC-UPF), Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain

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  • Valampuri John Kavitha equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: GaneshPrasad ArunKumar, David F. Soria-Hernanz, Valampuri John Kavitha

    Affiliations: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, Department of Biotechnology, Mother Teresa Women's University, Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Varatharajan Santhakumari Arun,

    Affiliation: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Adhikarla Syama,

    Affiliation: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Kumaran Samy Ashokan,

    Affiliation: Nilgiri Adivasi Welfare Association, Kota Hall Road, Kothagiri, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Kavandanpatti Thangaraj Gandhirajan,

    Affiliation: Government College of Fine Arts, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Koothapuli Vijayakumar,

    Affiliation: Nilgiri Adivasi Welfare Association, Kota Hall Road, Kothagiri, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Muthuswamy Narayanan,

    Affiliation: Department of Zoology, St. Xaviers College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Mariakuttikan Jayalakshmi,

    Affiliation: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • Janet S. Ziegle,

    Affiliation: Applied Biosystems, Foster City, California, United States of America

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  • Ajay K. Royyuru,

    Affiliation: Computational Biology Group, IBM - Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Laxmi Parida,

    Affiliation: Computational Biology Group, IBM - Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • R. Spencer Wells,

    Affiliation: National Geographic Society, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

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  • Colin Renfrew,

    Affiliation: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

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  • Theodore G. Schurr,

    Affiliation: Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

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  • Chris Tyler Smith,

    Affiliation: The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

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  • Daniel E. Platt,

    Affiliation: Computational Biology Group, IBM - Thomas J. Watson Research Center, New York, New York, United States of America

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  • Ramasamy Pitchappan mail,

    pitchappanrm@yahoo.co.uk

    Affiliations: The Genographic Laboratory, School of Biological Sciences, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelampakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

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  • The Genographic Consortium

    Consortium members are listed in Acknowledgements.

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  • Published: November 28, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050269

Reader Comments (5)

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Haplotypes do not match haplogroup typing in Table 1

Posted by rac516 on 30 Nov 2012 at 20:12 GMT

Hello,

Thank you for the most interesting paper. While examining Haplotypes in Table 1 I noticed that there is often very close matching between haplotypes where the haplogroup results are vastly different. An example is the 15/16 match between samples 997 and 998. For a Q-M242 and an R-M17 to match so closely would be extraordinary. Further, I suspect that both are Q-L275. Perhaps something has gone wrong?

Could there be a data shift between haplogroup and haplotype data?

No competing interests declared.

RE: Haplotypes do not match haplogroup typing in Table 1

g_arun12784 replied to rac516 on 01 Dec 2012 at 01:13 GMT

Hi
The Table 2 has a publication error. We have notified the publication team of PLoS One and are waiting for them to change. The data in the columns have been interchanged during publication. But you may construct the frequency data from the supplementary raw data (table S1).

No competing interests declared.