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Research Article

A New Threat to Honey Bees, the Parasitic Phorid Fly Apocephalus borealis

  • Andrew Core,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Charles Runckel,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Jonathan Ivers,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Christopher Quock,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Travis Siapno,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Seraphina DeNault,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Brian Brown,

    Affiliation: Entomology Section, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

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  • Joseph DeRisi,

    Affiliation: Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • Christopher D. Smith,

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

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  • John Hafernik mail

    acore13@yahoo.com

    Affiliation: Department of Biology, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California, United States of America

    X
  • Published: January 03, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029639

Reader Comments (7)

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Parasitic or Parasitoid?

Posted by ueyfd on 17 Feb 2012 at 03:03 GMT

I teach my students that this relationship is parasitoid. Your response, please?

No competing interests declared.

RE: Parasitic or Parasitoid?

tairavis replied to ueyfd on 03 Sep 2012 at 03:17 GMT

You are correct - the relationship is parasitoidic. We use the word "parasite" as a catch-all for parasitic and parasitoidic relationships for ease of reading, but the paper does contain instances where "parasitoid" would be a more accurate description.

No competing interests declared.

RE: RE: Parasitic or Parasitoid?

tairavis replied to tairavis on 03 Sep 2012 at 03:21 GMT

Forgot to mention I'm a co-author in previous post.

Competing interests declared: Co-author on paper